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The Chang ‘e-5 lunar probe was successfully launched on a Long March 5 rocket

China successfully launched the Chang ‘e-5 lunar probe from the Wenchang Space Launch Center in Wenchang, Capital of East China’s Zhejiang Province, On Nov. 24, 2018. The chang ‘e-5 lunar probe was launched on a Long March 5 rocket at the wenchang Space Launch Center in Wenchang, Southwest China’s Sichuan Province.

After its launch, the Long March 5 Carrier rocket carried out four separations, including the separation of the booster, the separation of the fairing, the separation of the first and second stages, and the separation of the rocket and the rocket. Chang e five probe by the orbiter, return, lander, rise of four parts chang’e 5 lunar probe, after transfer, braking, ring in recent months to month after flight, the lander and the assembly will rise and the orbiter and return combination separation, the orbiter carry returner orbits, lander carrying ascenders include positive preselected area soft landing on the moon, as planned to carry out the automatic sampling and other follow-up work surface.

The Chang ‘e-5 mission will achieve three major engineering goals. First, it will upgrade China’s space technology by breaking through key technologies such as narrow-window multi-orbit binding launch, automatic lunar surface sampling and packaging, lunar surface takeoff, lunar orbit rendezvous and docking, and lunar sample storage. The second is to realize the automatic sampling and return of the first extraterrestrial body in China and promote the major progress of Science and technology in China; Third, we will improve the lunar exploration engineering system to accumulate important personnel, technology and material foundation for China’s future manned lunar landing and deep space exploration.

The scientific objectives of the Chang ‘e-5 mission are mainly to explore the topography and geological background of the landing site area first american lunar probe, acquire field analysis data related to lunar samples, and establish the connection between field survey data and laboratory analysis data. To carry out systematic and long-term laboratory research on lunar samples, analyze the structure, physical properties and material composition of lunar soil, and deepen the research on the origin and evolution history of the moon.

Organized and carried out by the China National Space Administration, the Chang ‘e-5 mission consists of five major systems, namely, the overall project and the probe, the carrier rocket, the launching site, the measurement, control and recovery, and the ground application. The Lunar Exploration and Space Engineering Center of The China National Space Administration is the overall unit of the project. The Launch vehicle system and the probe system are mainly developed by the China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology under The China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation limited. The China Satellite Launch Measurement and Control System Department is responsible for the organization and implementation of launch, measurement and control and recovery. The National Observatory of the Chinese Academy of Sciences is in charge of the development of ground application systems, responsible for the reception, processing, storage and management of scientific data and samples.

China’s lunar probing is “the national medium and long-term science and technology development plan outline (2006-2020)” chinese lunar probe a clear national science and technology major special project, is the party central committee on global China’s socialist modernization construction, to promote the development of space industry, promote the scientific and technological progress and innovation, improve the comprehensive national strength to make a major strategic decision, since January 2004, since the launch of project and has been successful, chang ‘e 2, the goddess of the moon, chang e one no. 3, again into the return flight test and chang 4 5 times.


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